Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria known as Chlamydia trachomatis. Health statistics show that it is the most widely reported STD in the US, but that doesn’t mean that people have a total understanding of it. Read on for a few facts about this disease so you will know when it is time to see a doctor:
- The bacteria which causes chlamydia lives in the cervix, urethra, vagina and even throat of an infected person. Bacteria spreads upon oral, vaginal or anal sexual contact with an infected person.
- An infected woman who gets pregnant is likely to spread chlamydia to her baby during birth leading to several complications like pneumonia and eye damage.
- This condition affects both men and women, but it takes weeks after infections for symptoms to manifest.
- Symptoms in men and women often differ as organs are not structured in the same way. A woman will experience burning as they urinate as well as abnormal vaginal discharge. There might be abdominal and pelvic pain in everyone infected as well as increased need to urinate. As bacteria continues multiplying, blood can be noticed in urine. Men that are infected get a discharge from the penis as well as pain and swelling of testicles
Chlamydia makes getting pregnant nearly impossible due to damaged reproductive system. If one does get pregnant, there is a heightened risk of ectopic pregnancy which is incredibly dangerous.
Changing sex patterns and preferences have contributed to the increase in chlamydia infection. Young people are also at a higher risk of contracting the disease, but the entire population is susceptible to the bacteria.
Like most STDs, chlamydia can be cured with the light treatment and change in sexual habits. Take all medication prescribed, use condoms correctly and discuss any anomalies with your partner to arrest the infection early. Going for treatment as fast as possible not only cures you of the disease but also saves you from future complications.
You shouldn’t freak out upon learning that you have an STD but instead, boldly take measures to fight and prevent it. Remember that you need to stop having sex until you’ve finished treatment to avoid infecting others. A laboratory test is needed to test for chlamydia, but that is usually non-invasive as it only requires a urine sample or vaginal swab. To avoid chlamydia, make sure that both you and your partner are tested for STDs because even without symptoms chlamydia can permanently damage your reproductive organs.